Flat Key Signatures

We now know how to construct key signatures with sharps (♯), and we have a simple rule to figure out what key any sharp key signature represents. Now let’s do the same thing for flats (♭). The flat symbol tells a musician to lower the pitch one half-step. To so...

Sharp Key Signatures

We have seen that G is the fifth note (also called the fifth degree) of the C major scale. We have also seen that the G major scale uses the same notes as the C major scale, except for the second-to-last note. Instead of F, that note is F# – a half step higher....