Flat Key Signatures

We now know how to construct key signatures with sharps (♯), and we have a simple rule to figure out what key any sharp key signature represents. Now let’s do the same thing for flats (♭). The flat symbol tells a musician to lower the pitch one half-step. To so...

Sharp Key Signatures

We have seen that G is the fifth note (also called the fifth degree) of the C major scale. We have also seen that the G major scale uses the same notes as the C major scale, except for the second-to-last note. Instead of F, that note is F# – a half step higher....

Reading Music

Table of Contents The Music Staff Lines and Spaces Key Signatures C Major Scale G Major Key Signature Sharp Key Signatures Flat Key Signatures Reading Music Reading music takes practice, but you also need to know what the musical symbols mean. This tutorial will help...

G Major Key Signature

The G major scale is closely related to the C major scale. G is the fifth note in the C major scale. The pattern of whole steps (w) and half steps (h) of any major scale is w-w-h-w-w-w-h. Starting on G, this pattern fits almost entirely on the white keys of the piano,...

Lines and Spaces

Notes are written on a staff of five lines, separated by four spaces. The staff begins with a clef symbol to indicate what pitches correspond to the lines and spaces. Higher pitches correspond to higher positions on the staff. The treble clef is also called the G...